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6 Types of Water Filtration for Home Use

It’s hard to control the quality of municipal or well water. For that reason–and others–you might be in the market for some type of water filtration system.

There are many types of water filtration systems available in the market. Each water filtration system uses specific water purification technology that ensures you get cleaner and safer water for family use. 

We have found the best water filtration systems to give you cleaner and healthier water at home. Let’s get started. 

Reverse Osmosis Filtering 

This type of water filtration system uses semi-permeable membranes and can filter all toxic and waterborne contaminants in dirty water. The reverse osmosis system is, therefore, a unique system to have at home. It helps get rid of harmful pollutants, including heavy metals. The system has fewer parts, making it easy to use and clean. 

This filtration system helps improve the taste of water and removes all impurities in water. The system will use 4 – 5 stages while filtering water, making it a good choice. 

Water Softener Systems

A water softener system removes the minerals from your water that cause hardness, and it does it as the water comes into your home. What’s the matter with hard water? It can damage appliances like hot water heaters, faucets, coffee machines, ice machines, washing machines, and dishwashers; leave soap scum in your kitchen and bathrooms; and dry out your skin and hair. The minerals in your water that wreak such havoc are magnesium and calcium; a water softener system removes them through a process known as an ion exchange.

Carbon Filters 

Carbon filters water filtration system uses activated carbon filters. The activated carbon filters are also referred to as charcoal water filters. They are the commonly used type of drinking water filters. The carbon filters can be used alone or even utilized in one stage of UV filtration and reverse osmosis filtration system. 

This system utilizes granular activated carbon or carbon blocks. The activated carbons play a vital role in acting as a magnet to attract all the impurities present in contaminated water. The market has different types of carbon block filters. When purchasing, you have to consider the kind of pollutants you’re removing from drinking water, such as fluoride. 

If you use carbon filters with tap water, they can remove chlorine taste and odor from the water. Other carbon filters can reduce fine sediments such as rust particles from water. Therefore, there are many impurities you can also remove from water; hard metals, protozoan cysts, and turbidity. 

Ceramic Filters 

These are filters made of ceramic. The filters feature small pores on them. When you run contaminated water through these filters, nothing larger than the pores’ size will pass through. Sometimes, they come treated with silver, which helps kill bacteria and prevent mold and algae growth. 

The ceramic filter cartridge will process the water, and through the network of pores in ceramic filters, they will remove contaminants. This system exists in different applications; under-sink, gravity-fed, countertop, whole house, and light industrial processes.

Aluminum Alumina Filters 

These types of filters are made using aluminum oxide. It is the same substance as ruby and sapphire but lacks coloring impurities. With the help of activated alumina, you can remove arsenic, selenium, and fluoride from drinking water. It has many pores on the surface that reduce fluoride concentration by up to 99% in fluoridated water. 

The amount of fluoride this system leaches from contaminated water will depend on the time water duration will be touching alumina filter media. The more alumina will be in the filters, the lower the fluoride will be on the filtered water. 

The system effectively filters water with a lower temperature and pH level (acidic). The ideal pH for treating water is 5.5 and can allow a more than 95% effective removal rate. 

Distillation System 

Distillation is a process where contaminated water undergoes boiling, and the vapor is collected. After vapor cools, it forms safe drinking water. The process will remove unhealthy substances, heavy metals, organic and inorganic chemicals. Therefore, all the bacteria and pathogens contaminating water will die.

 

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