A report released by researchers at the Institution of Mechanical Engineers in Britain, outlines the most likely geo-engineering projects that could be used to fight global warming. The ideas include artificial trees and the use of algae.
The report emphasizes the use of geo-engineering in order to combat global warming. The authors of the report believe that without such advances, global warming would be impossible to tackle. Most experts tend to agree with the authors’ sentiments.
The authors indicate that geo-engineering projects should be viewed as short-term fixes, not long-term. The report clearly outlines the need for reducing emissions and that being the most important aspect of the global warming battle.
The researchers pointed to two different types of planet-cooling techniques. The two types include reflecting sunlight and removing carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere.
The most likely geo-engineering inventions outlined only included three projects. One involved reflecting the sun’s rays by making roofs reflective. This would decrease the amount of solar energy by reflecting it back into space.
Another of the projects would be what they call “algae based photobioreactors”. Algae would be encased in containers which would remove carbon dioxide during photosynthesis. The researchers indicate that such containers could be installed on the sides of buildings.
The most popular geo-engineering project suggested by the authors of the study was for artificial trees. The “trees” would be approximately the size of a true tree, but would be able to absorb thousands of times more carbon dioxide. The carbon dioxide could be stored in empty oil wells.
The authors are requesting approximately 16 million U.S. dollars for further study. Stated one of the authors: “We very much believe that the practical geo-engineering that we are proposing should be implemented and could be very much part of our landscape within the next 10 to 20 years.”