The field of offshore wind energy is growing and despite its infancy, many nations are benefiting from the energy as a major source of clean electricity. Currently Britain has the greatest installed offshore wind capacity, with approximately 2,000 megawatts already installed. Other nations are boosting their offshore wind energy focus and are chasing Britain, however, many lag behind.
Germany is the European Union’s reigning onshore wind energy powerhouse with 28,000 megawatts installed. The recent elimination of Germany’s nuclear program has led to the nation focusing even more heavily on renewable energies. Onshore wind and solar energies have been the primary German focus while their offshore wind progression has been limited. France, which also has relied heavily on nuclear energy, is facing similar dilemmas.
By the year 2020, France aims to attain twenty-three percent of their electricity needs through renewable energies. The government of France also seeks to reduce their dependence upon nuclear energy, although not eliminate it entirely like some nations have chosen to do. France seeks to reduce dependence on nuclear which currently provides seventy-five percent of electricity today to just fifty percent of electricity by 2025.
Part of the plan to increase renewable energies and reduce dependence upon nuclear for France is offshore wind energy. Earlier this year four offshore wind facilities were given clearance, totaling approximately 2,000 megawatts of energy. Now it seems likely that France has granted further offshore wind facilities, one at 705 megawatts of capacity and one at 600 megawatts of capacity. Overall France seeks to increase offshore wind energy to a total of 6 gigawatts by 2020.
France, which has been a world leader in nuclear energy for some time, seeks to become more of a powerhouse in wind energy. The nation currently only has 7,000 megawatts of onshore wind energy, however, their offshore wind energy sector may prove more prolific.